The favourite card game around the world, poker has been dominating the minds of players for a long time. There has been lots of studies and debates as to how exactly it started and who invented the game. There have been lots of theories all over the world. It exists in various forms and is played all over the world in casinos, clubs and Online Poker.
ORIGINS OF POKER GAME
The most believed theory of the poker game is that it originated nearly 1,000 years ago. The origins of poker can be traced to a domino card game played by a Chinese emperor of 10th century. Many others claim it is the descendant of the Persian card game “AS NAS”, played during the 16th century. Persian sailors taught As Nas to French settlers in New Orleans. It was similar to the modern five-card stud with 25 cards and five different suits.
The most recent theory states that modern poker came from a French game called POQUE, but there are also games called PRIMERO, BRELAN, and one English game BRAG, and all of these games use similar bluffing techniques as in poker.
The most recent opinion of the researchers point out that none of these older games is direct descendants to online poker or poker played in casinos or poker tournaments. The fact that none of them had betting suggests that poker did, in fact, develop much later in the US in the early 18th century and probably along the Mississippi River. Whatever, the truth is, it is true that by 1830 the game was being played in New Orleans and then on the Mississippi River boats where games based on betting were widespread.
TRANSITION IN POKER
After poker had spread West at the time of the gold rush, it began to use the full 52 card deck, instead of the 20 cards used in Mississippi. The flush was introduced, which followed the draw. During the American Civil War (1861-1865) there were more developments in the poker. The community card games emerged around 1925.
It’s this final development that seeded the emergent of what has become the most popular variant now, Texas Hold‘em poker. Originating in Robstown, Texas, in the early 20th century, this version has been portrayed as the ‘thinking man’s game’ as it gives the player the chance to play poker strategically.
FINAL JOURNEY TO ONLINE POKER
The poker online world almost began unnoticed initially. The 1990s was the era of most new things, especially the internet. Online poker is rooted to those early web days having immense potential to develop. The precise date of first poker played online is unknown in history. However, reports are there that it was probably first played online in 1994.
In 1994 Todd Mummert wrote the code and script for a poker game that could be played using Internet Relay Chat (IRC). IRC was a system developed in the late 1980’s that let players set up chat rooms and interact in the web in a fairly simple method. During those times, poker was played with chips, also known as play money.
Russ “Dutch” Boyd was one of the first people to bring real money poker online in the limelight. Dutch and a group of people discovered in 1997 that there was an online gaming company that allowed players to play poker online for real cash. And now is the time, when online poker is climbing the stairs and reaching the common people through game platform like pokerlion.com and it will go to its destined height of popularity soon.
VARIATIONS OF THE GAME
Texas Hold‘em is one of the most popular variant of online poker where the players are dealt two ‘hole cards‘, and after they have placed their initial bets, another three community cards are revealed in the middle of the table. This is called ‘the flop’. The players then bet for second round after the fourth community card is laid, which is termed as ‘the turn’. One more community card, named ‘the river’, is put and players bet once more. In the game, the players then have to make their best hand with any combination of their two hole cards and the five community cards. This variation of the game is the toughest to master.
Omaha poker is the variation easier to play and learn. Each player is dealt four hole cards, and the five community cards exposed right away. There are four rounds of betting just like Texas Hold‘em poker, and the players have to make their best hand from two of the hole cards and three of the community cards.
Seven Card Stud is the online poker variant where each player is dealt seven cards, four down and three up and players have to make their best 5-card hand. Five Card Draw is the online poker variant where each player is dealt five cards and on the early game they can trade in up to three of them.